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#1 Jul-03-2018 02:32:pm

memsuxwet
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Registered: Jun-19-2016
Posts: 15

Nulhatu vs. Nulhala

I noticed two entries on LTD for "I have." I think that "nulhatu" refers to an inanimate object, while "nulhala" refers to an animate object? Or does the difference lie in ownership vs. possession? I couldn't quite extrapolate the difference in meaning based on the sentence examples and would appreciate your expertise. smile

Waníshi!

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#2 Jul-03-2018 06:15:pm

sschkaak
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Registered: Sep-17-2007
Posts: 4187
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Re: Nulhatu vs. Nulhala

memsuxwet wrote:

I noticed two entries on LTD for "I have." I think that "nulhatu" refers to an inanimate object, while "nulhala" refers to an animate object?

Correct.

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#3 Jul-06-2018 03:45:pm

memsuxwet
Visitor
Registered: Jun-19-2016
Posts: 15

Re: Nulhatu vs. Nulhala

Thanks for clearing that up! I've attempted to conjugate the verbs with my limited understanding of Lenape verb morphology - some conjugations I was able to find on LTD, but not all. Would you mind taking a look?

to have it (inanimate)
nulhatu (1st sing.)
kulhatu (2nd sing.)
ulhatu (3rd sing.)
nulhatuhëna (1st pl.)
kulhatuhëmo (2nd pl.)
ulhatuwak (3rd pl.)

Example: Nulhatuhëna nisha hèmpsa.

to have it (animate)
nulhala
kulhala
ulhala?
nulhalahëna
kulhalawa?
ulhalawak

Example: Hèch kulhala mwekane?

I appreciate any help you can give me here. Wanìshi! smile

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#4 Jul-06-2018 08:27:pm

sschkaak
Moderator
Registered: Sep-17-2007
Posts: 4187
Website

Re: Nulhatu vs. Nulhala

memsuxwet wrote:

Thanks for clearing that up! I've attempted to conjugate the verbs with my limited understanding of Lenape verb morphology - some conjugations I was able to find on LTD, but not all. Would you mind taking a look?

to have it (inanimate)
nulhatu (1st sing.)
kulhatu (2nd sing.)
ulhatu (3rd sing.)   or /wulhatu/
nulhatuhëna (1st pl.)
                                /kulhatuhena/ - 1st person plural inclusive - add this one
kulhatuhëmo (2nd pl.)
ulhatuwak (3rd pl.)   or /wulhatuwak/

Example: Nulhatuhëna nisha hèmpsa.

to have it (animate)
nulhala
kulhala
ulhala?   /welahalao/ or /ulhalao/ - requires an obviative ending for two animate 3rd persons in one word
nulhalahëna   /nulhalawena/
                     /kulhalawena/ - 1st person plural inclusive - add this one
kulhalawa
ulhalawak   /welahalawoo/ or ulhalaoo/ - requires an obviative ending for two animate 3rd persons in one word

Example: Hèch kulhala mwekane?

I appreciate any help you can give me here. Wanìshi! smile

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